Research and Scholarly Activity

Orthopaedic Surgery Research and Scholarly Activity

The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery emphasizes both clinical and basic science research.  Many faculty have maintained an active role in scholarly pursuits and continue to provide ample opportunities for medical students and residents. Our department has partnered with many research programs within WMed. There is also a strong historical relationship with the School of Engineering at Western Michigan University. Many of the laboratories are housed within this school and have allowed for materials testing, orthopaedic implant design, and 3D printing.  More recently, our department has been charged to assist in the creation of a Masters of Science degree in Medical Engineering awarded by the medical school. The unique opportunity allows for entering Masters students to be immersed in all aspects of healthcare helping them to understand the complexities of patient care in order to create a quality improvement project or product. 

Each orthopaedic surgery resident is required to demonstrate scholarly activity and develop a thesis to be presented at one of our annual visiting professor events. Our residents are encouraged to submit their research work to local, regional, and national conferences. The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery supports these expenses by developing a Research and Educational Fund. Our department has also developed a Resident Research Committee that consists of orthopaedic faculty, biostatisticians, medical writers, and clinical research staff with the medical school to assist the resident in hypothesis driven research and study design. 

Thus, the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery is committed to pursuing inquiry, developing a culture of discovery, disseminating knowledge, and fostering critical and analytical thinking that encourages lifelong learning.

Research and Scholarly Activity, 2011-16

Orthopaedic Surgery Research Chart

Recent Publications

Burnout in Orthopaedic Surgeons: A Challenge for Leaders, Learners, and Colleagues: AOA Critical Issues.
Ames SE, Cowan JB, Kenter K, Emery S, Halsey D
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017 Jul 19; 99:14:e78
PMID: 28719565

All-inside ACL reconstruction: How does it compare to standard ACL reconstruction techniques?
Connaughton AJ, Geeslin AG, Uggen CW
J Orthop. 2017 Jun; 14:2:241-246
PMID: 28360487

Plantar Plate Repair for Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Joint Instability.
Flint WW, Macias DM, Jastifer JR, Doty JF, Hirose CB, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2017 Mar; 38:3:234-242
PMID: 27852647

The Athletic Shoe in Football.
Jastifer J, Kent R, Crandall J, Sherwood C, Lessley D, McCullough KA, Coughlin MJ, Anderson RB
Sports Health. 2017 Mar/Apr; 9:2:126-131
PMID: 28151702

Gastrocnemius Contracture in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Jastifer JR, Green A
Foot Ankle Int. 2017 Sep 1 :1071100717728860
PMID: 28891302

Ball and Socket Ankle: Mechanism and Computational Evidence of Concept.
Jastifer JR, Gustafson PA, Labomascus A, Snoap T
J Foot Ankle Surg. 2017 Jul - Aug; 56:4:773-775
PMID: 28633775

Immediate and Delayed Passive Range of Motion After Total Shoulder Arthroplasty Did Not Differ for Function or Range of Motion at 1 Year.
Kenter K
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017 Aug 16; 99:16:1393
PMID: 28816900

Calcaneus Fractures: A Possible Musculoskeletal Emergency.
Snoap T, Jaykel M, Williams C, Roberts J
J Emerg Med. 2017 Jan; 52:1:28-33
PMID: 27658550

Distal Radius Fracture in a Surgeon's Dominant Wrist.
Gallagher E, Howard P, Ruiter T
Eplasty. 2016; 16:ic35
PMID: 27602179

Biomechanical Evaluation of Strength and Stiffness of Subtalar Joint Arthrodesis Screw Constructs.
Jastifer JR, Alrafeek S, Howard P, Gustafson PA, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2016 Apr; 37:4:419-26
PMID: 26635413

Three-Dimensional Printing and Surgical Simulation for Preoperative Planning of Deformity Correction in Foot and Ankle Surgery.
Jastifer JR, Gustafson PA
J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016 Mar 5
PMID: 26961413

Results of the Gravity Stress Examination in the Normal Patient Population.
Jastifer JR, Jaykel M
Foot Ankle Spec. 2016 Nov 21
PMID: 27872381

Gastrocnemius Contracture in Patients With and Without Foot Pathology.
Jastifer JR, Marston J
Foot Ankle Int. 2016 Nov; 37:11:1165-1170
PMID: 27450448

Early Onset Scoliosis-A Comprehensive Guide from the Oxford Meetings (2015).
Marston JA, Bovid K
J Invest Surg. 2016 Jun 7 :1
PMID: 27267083

A Pain in the Psoas: Groin Injury in a Collegiate Football Athlete.
Moriarty CM, Baker RJ
Sports Health. 2016 Aug 19
PMID: 27542388

The Reverse Ludloff Osteotomy for Bunionette Deformity.
Waizy H, Jastifer JR, Stukenborg-Colsman C, Claassen L
Foot Ankle Spec. 2016 Aug; 9:4:324-9
PMID: 27030363

"Gangrenous Finger" Proven to be Acute Gout.
Gallagher E, Ruiter T
Eplasty. 2015; 15:ic29
PMID: 26171104

Exposure via sequential release of the metatarsophalangeal joint for plantar plate repair through a dorsal approach without an intraarticular osteotomy.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2015 Mar; 36:3:335-8
PMID: 25288329

Hindfoot deformity and calcaneal tuberosity osteotomies.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Spec. 2015 Feb; 8:1:50-8
PMID: 25380836

Long-term follow-up of mobile bearing total ankle arthroplasty in the United States.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2015 Feb; 36:2:143-50
PMID: 25201330

Low-Level Laser Therapy at 635 nm for Treatment of Chronic Plantar Fasciitis: A Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Study.
Macias DM, Coughlin MJ, Zang K, Stevens FR, Jastifer JR, Doty JF
J Foot Ankle Surg. 2015 Sep-Oct; 54:5:768-72
PMID: 25769363

Bilateral Frostbite of the Hands.
Snoap T, Gallagher E, Snoap A, Ruiter T
Eplasty. 2015; 15:ic37
PMID: 26191335

Hamate Fracture.
Snoap T, Habeck J, Ruiter T
Eplasty. 2015; 15:ic28
PMID: 26171103

Tick bite with target lesion complicating routine cast immobilization.
Snoap T, Ruiter T, Harter BT
Eplasty. 2015; 15:ic23
PMID: 25987946

The effect of load obliquity on the strength of locking and nonlocking constructs in synthetic osteoporotic bone.
Tensmeyer DF, Gustafson PA, Jastifer JR, Patel B, Chess JL
Med Eng Phys. 2015 Nov; 37:11:1047-52
PMID: 26391067

Prospective study of hammertoe correction with an intramedullary implant.
Catena F, Doty JF, Jastifer J, Coughlin MJ, Stevens F
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Apr; 35:4:319-25
PMID: 24443491

Biofilm Disrupting Technology for Orthopedic Implants: What's on the Horizon?
Connaughton A, Childs A, Dylewski S, Sabesan VJ
Front Med (Lausanne). 2014; 1:22
PMID: 25705632

Topical review: locking plate technology in foot and ankle surgery.
Jastifer JR
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 May; 35:5:512-8
PMID: 24492280

Low-Level Laser Therapy for the Treatment of Chronic Plantar Fasciitis: A Prospective Study.
Jastifer JR, Catena F, Doty JF, Stevens F, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Feb 7; 35:6:566-571
PMID: 24510123

Osteochondral Lesions in Surgically Treated Hallux Valgus.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ, Doty JF, Stevens FR, Hirose C, Kemp TJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Jul; 35:7:643-9
PMID: 24709744

Sensory Nerve Dysfunction and Hallux Valgus Correction: A Prospective Study.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ, Doty JF, Stevens FR, Hirose C, Kemp TJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 May 7; 35:8:757-763
PMID: 24807984

Comparison of radiographic and anatomic distal metatarsal articular angle in cadaver feet.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ, Schutt S, Hirose C, Kennedy M, Grebing B, Smith B, Cooper T, Golano P, Viladot R, Doty JF
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Apr; 35:4:389-93
PMID: 24521690

The subtalar joint: biomechanics and functional representations in the literature.
Jastifer JR, Gustafson PA
Foot (Edinb). 2014 Dec; 24:4:203-9
PMID: 25175840

Surgeon perception of cancellous screw fixation.
Stoesz MJ, Gustafson PA, Patel BV, Jastifer JR, Chess JL
J Orthop Trauma. 2014 Jan; 28:1:e1-7
PMID: 23782959

Treatment of chronic biceps tendon ruptures.
Dillon MT, King JC
Hand (N Y). 2013 Dec; 8:4:401-9
PMID: 24426957

Subtalar arthrodesis alignment: the effect on ankle biomechanics.
Jastifer JR, Gustafson PA, Gorman RR
Foot Ankle Int. 2013 Feb; 34:2:244-50
PMID: 23413065

Matching osteochondritis dissecans lesions in identical twin brothers.
Richie LB, Sytsma MJ
Orthopedics. 2013 Sep; 36:9:e1213-6
PMID: 24025016

Reliability of measurements of clavicle shaft fracture shortening in adolescents.
Silva SR, Fox J, Speers M, Seeley M, Bovid K, Farley FA, Vanderhave KL, Caird MS
J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Apr-May; 33:3:e19-22
PMID: 23482275