Research and Scholarly Activity

In the Department of Emergency Medicine, we have an active, ongoing program that provides ample opportunities for our students, residents, and fellows to participate in research and scholarly activities. Together, we offer experiences that enable discovery and promote creativity, and we are committed to pursuing inquiry, disseminating knowledge, and fostering critical thinking that encourages lifelong learning.

Our residency curriculum includes the principles of research design, methodology, biostatistics and analysis, and the ethical principles of clinical and translational research. Many of our residents’ projects are presented at the annual Kalamazoo Community Medical and Health Sciences Research Day and other prestigious regional and national venues. Many projects are published in peer-reviewed journals.

Our faculty provide research mentorship in a wide variety of interests.

Research and Scholarly Activity, 2011-16

Emergency Medicine Research Chart

Recent Publications

Prevalence of Brain Injuries and Recurrence of Seizures in Children with Post Traumatic Seizures.
Badawy MK, Dayan PS, Tunik MG, Nadel FM, Lillis KA, Miskin M, Borgialli DA, Bachman MC, Atabaki SM, Hoyle JD Jr, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN).
Acad Emerg Med. 2017 Feb 7
PMID: 28170143

Pediatric Prehospital Medication Dosing Errors: A National Survey of Paramedics.
Hoyle JD Jr, Crowe RP, Bentley MA, Beltran G, Fales W
Prehosp Emerg Care. 2017 Mar-Apr; 21:2:185-191
PMID: 28257249

Epidemiology of Bacteremia in Febrile Infants Aged 60 Days and Younger.
Powell EC, Mahajan PV, Roosevelt G, Hoyle JD Jr, Gattu R, Cruz AT, Rogers AJ, Atabaki SM, Jaffe DM, Casper TC, Ramilo O, Kuppermann N, Febrile Infant Working Group of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN).
Ann Emerg Med. 2017 Oct 6
PMID: 28988964

Calcaneus Fractures: A Possible Musculoskeletal Emergency.
Snoap T, Jaykel M, Williams C, Roberts J
J Emerg Med. 2017 Jan; 52:1:28-33
PMID: 27658550

Evaluating the Cost and Utility of Mandating Schools to Stock Epinephrine Auto-injectors.
Steffens C, Clement B, Fales W, Chehade AEH, Putman K, Swor R
Prehosp Emerg Care. 2017 Apr 17 :1-4
PMID: 28414559

Challenges of Using Probabilistic Linkage Methodology to Characterize Post-Cardiac Arrest Care in Michigan.
Swor R, Qu L, Putman K, Sawyer KN, Domeier R, Fowler J, Fales W
Prehosp Emerg Care. 2017 Sep 14 :1-6
PMID: 28910207

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis in dextrocardia with situs inversus: First reported case in the United States.
Agrawal Y, Miller M, Pratt JW, Martin D, Kalavakunta JK, Saltiel F, Gupta V
Int J Cardiol. 2016 Apr 15; 209:137-8
PMID: 26889599

Comparison of Prediction Rules and Clinician Suspicion for Identifying Children With Clinically Important Brain Injuries After Blunt Head Trauma.
Atabaki SM, Hoyle JD Jr, Schunk JE, Monroe DJ, Alpern ER, Quayle KS, Glass TF, Badawy MK, Miskin M, Schalick WO, Dayan PS, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N
Acad Emerg Med. 2016 May; 23:5:566-75
PMID: 26825755

Performance of the Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale Score in the Evaluation of Children with Blunt Head Trauma.
Borgialli DA, Mahajan P, Hoyle JD Jr, Powell EC, Nadel FM, Tunik MG, Foerster A, Dong L, Miskin M, Dayan PS, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)
Acad Emerg Med. 2016 May 20
PMID: 27197686

Emergency Medical Dispatchers Can Obtain Accurate Pediatric Weights from 9-1-1 Callers.
Chassee T, Reischmann D, Mancera M, Hoyle JD Jr
Prehosp Emerg Care. 2016 Sep 30 :1-7
PMID: 27690289

Pediatric Prehospital Medication Dosing Errors: A Mixed-Methods Study.
Hoyle JD Jr, Sleight D, Henry R, Chassee T, Fales B, Mavis B
Prehosp Emerg Care. 2016; 20:1:117-24
PMID: 26400075

Association of RNA Biosignatures With Bacterial Infections in Febrile Infants Aged 60 Days or Younger.
Mahajan P, Kuppermann N, Mejias A, Suarez N, Chaussabel D, Casper TC, Smith B, Alpern ER, Anders J, Atabaki SM, Bennett JE, Blumberg S, Bonsu B, Borgialli D, Brayer A, Browne L, Cohen DM, Crain EF, Cruz AT, Dayan PS, Gattu R, Greenberg R, Hoyle JD Jr, Jaffe DM, Levine DA, Lillis K, Linakis JG, Muenzer J, Nigrovic LE, Powell EC, Rogers AJ, Roosevelt G, Ruddy RM, Saunders M, Tunik MG, Tzimenatos L, Vitale M, Dean JM, Ramilo O, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN).
JAMA. 2016 Aug 23-30; 316:8:846-57
PMID: 27552618

Clinical Presentations and Outcomes of Children With Basilar Skull Fractures After Blunt Head Trauma.
Tunik MG, Powell EC, Mahajan P, Schunk JE, Jacobs E, Miskin M, Zuspan SJ, Wootton-Gorges S, Atabaki SM, Hoyle JD Jr, Holmes JF Jr, Dayan PS, Kuppermann N, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN).
Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Oct; 68:4:431-440.e1
PMID: 27471139

Wilderness Medicine Curricular Content in Emergency Medicine Residency Programs.
Aronstam EJ, Christensen ML, Williams MP, Overton DT
Wilderness Environ Med. 2015 Dec; 26:4:577-9
PMID: 26141917

Headache in traumatic brain injuries from blunt head trauma.
Dayan PS, Holmes JF, Hoyle J Jr, Atabaki S, Tunik MG, Lichenstein R, Miskin M, Kuppermann N, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)
Pediatrics. 2015 Mar; 135:3:504-12
PMID: 25647678

Care for Cardiac Arrest on Golf Courses: Still Not up to Par?
Deutsch L, Paternoster R, Putman K, Fales W, Swor R
Prehosp Emerg Care. 2015 January-March; 19:1:31-35
PMID: 25153828

Antitoxin Treatment of Inhalation Anthrax: A Systematic Review.
Huang E, Pillai SK, Bower WA, Hendricks KA, Guarnizo JT, Hoyle JD, Gorman SE, Boyer AE, Quinn CP, Meaney-Delman D
Health Secur. 2015 Nov-Dec; 13:6:365-77
PMID: 26690378

A survey of simulation fellowship programs.
Kotal ER, Sivertson RM, Wolfe SP, Lammers RL, Overton DT
J Emerg Med. 2015 Mar; 48:3:351-5
PMID: 25456774

Air Medical Curricula in Emergency Medicine Residencies: A National Survey.
Mastenbrook J, Savino P, Mazurek P, Eichel J, Selde W, Ekblad G
Air Med J. 2015 Sep-Oct; 34:5:283-8
PMID: 26354305

Antimicrobial Treatment for Systemic Anthrax: Analysis of Cases from 1945 to 2014 Identified Through a Systematic Literature Review.
Pillai SK, Huang E, Guarnizo JT, Hoyle JD, Katharios-Lanwermeyer S, Turski TK, Bower WA, Hendricks KA, Meaney-Delman D
Health Secur. 2015 Nov-Dec; 13:6:355-64
PMID: 26623698

Comparison of outcomes for children with cervical spine injury based on destination hospital from scene of injury.
Anders JF, Adelgais K, Hoyle JD Jr, Olsen C, Jaffe DM, Leonard JC, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)
Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Jan; 21:1:55-64
PMID: 24552525

Diabetic emergencies: new strategies for an old disease.
Beltran G
Emerg Med Pract. 2014 Jun; 16:6:1-19; quiz 19-20
PMID: 25299033

Association of traumatic brain injuries with vomiting in children with blunt head trauma.
Dayan PS, Holmes JF, Atabaki S, Hoyle J Jr, Tunik MG, Lichenstein R, Alpern E, Miskin M, Kuppermann N, Traumatic Brain Injury Study Group of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)
Ann Emerg Med. 2014 Jun; 63:6:657-65
PMID: 24559605

Risk of traumatic brain injuries in children younger than 24 months with isolated scalp hematomas.
Dayan PS, Holmes JF, Schutzman S, Schunk J, Lichenstein R, Foerster LA, Hoyle J Jr, Atabaki S, Miskin M, Wisner D, Zuspan S, Kuppermann N, Traumatic Brain Injury Study Group of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)
Ann Emerg Med. 2014 Aug; 64:2:153-62
PMID: 24635991

A multicenter study of the family educational rights and privacy act and the standardized letter of recommendation: impact on emergency medicine residency applicant and faculty behaviors.
Diab J, Riley S, Downes A, Gaeta T, Hern HG, Hwang E, Kass L, Kelly M, Luber SD, Martel M, Minns A, Patterson L, Pazderka P, Sayan O, Thurman J, Vallee P, Overton D
J Grad Med Educ. 2014 Jun; 6:2:292-5
PMID: 24949134

Pharmacological sedation for cranial computed tomography in children after minor blunt head trauma.
Hoyle JD Jr, Callahan JM, Badawy M, Powell E, Jacobs E, Gerardi M, Melville K, Miskin M, Atabaki SM, Dayan P, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N, Traumatic Brain Injury Study Group for the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)
Pediatr Emerg Care. 2014 Jan; 30:1:1-7
PMID: 24365725

Inpatient hospitalization and intimate partner violence: who are we treating?
Kothari RU, Kothari C, DeBoer M, Koestner A, Rohs T
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014 Jul; 77:1:129-36; discussion 136
PMID: 24977767

Medication errors in prehospital management of simulated pediatric anaphylaxis.
Lammers R, Willoughby-Byrwa M, Fales W
Prehosp Emerg Care. 2014 Apr-Jun; 18:2:295-304
PMID: 24401046

Errors and error-producing conditions during a simulated, prehospital, pediatric cardiopulmonary arrest.
Lammers RL, Willoughby-Byrwa M, Fales WD
Simul Healthc. 2014 Jun; 9:3:174-83
PMID: 24401924

Characteristics of the pediatric patients treated by the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network's affiliated EMS agencies.
Lerner EB, Dayan PS, Brown K, Fuchs S, Leonard J, Borgialli D, Babcock L, Hoyle JD Jr, Kwok M, Lillis K, Nigrovic LE, Mahajan P, Rogers A, Schwartz H, Soprano J, Tsarouhas N, Turnipseed S, Funai T, Foltin G, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)
Prehosp Emerg Care. 2014 Jan-Mar; 18:1:52-9
PMID: 24134593

Procalcitonin as a marker of serious bacterial infections in febrile children younger than 3 years old.
Mahajan P, Grzybowski M, Chen X, Kannikeswaran N, Stanley R, Singal B, Hoyle J Jr, Borgialli D, Duffy E, Kuppermann N
Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Feb; 21:2:171-9
PMID: 24673673

Sweet solutions and needle-related pain in infants.
Michiels EA, Hoyle JD Jr
Ann Emerg Med. 2014 Mar; 63:3:300-1
PMID: 24120628

ACC/AHA/AACVPR/AAFP/ANA concepts for clinician-patient shared accountability in performance measures: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures.
Peterson ED, Ho PM, Barton M, Beam C, Burgess LH, Casey DE Jr, Drozda JP Jr, Fonarow GC, Goff D Jr, Grady KL, King DE, King ML, Masoudi FA, Nielsen DR, Stanko S
Circulation. 2014 Nov 25; 130:22:1984-94
PMID: 25366994

ACC/AHA/AACVPR/AAFP/ANA concepts for clinician-patient shared accountability in performance measures: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures.
Peterson ED, Ho PM, Barton M, Beam C, Burgess LH, Casey DE Jr, Drozda JP Jr, Fonarow GC, Goff D Jr, Grady KL, King DE, King ML, Masoudi FA, Nielsen DR, Stanko S
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Nov 18-25; 64:20:2133-45
PMID: 25439761

Epidemiology of blunt head trauma in children in U.S. emergency departments.
Quayle KS, Powell EC, Mahajan P, Hoyle JD Jr, Nadel FM, Badawy MK, Schunk JE, Stanley RM, Miskin M, Atabaki SM, Dayan PS, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N
N Engl J Med. 2014 Nov 13; 371:20:1945-7
PMID: 25390756

Emergency department practice variation in computed tomography use for children with minor blunt head trauma.
Stanley RM, Hoyle JD Jr, Dayan PS, Atabaki S, Lee L, Lillis K, Gorelick MH, Holubkov R, Miskin M, Holmes JF, Dean JM, Kuppermann N, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)
J Pediatr. 2014 Dec; 165:6:1201-1206.e2
PMID: 25294604

What are barriers to nurses screening for intimate partner violence?
DeBoer MI, Kothari R, Kothari C, Koestner AL, Rohs T Jr
J Trauma Nurs. 2013 Jul-Sep; 20:3:155-60; quiz 161-2
PMID: 24005119

Improving dementia diagnosis and management in primary care: a cohort study of the impact of a training and support program on physician competency, practice patterns, and community linkages.
Lathren CR, Sloane PD, Hoyle JD, Zimmerman S, Kaufer DI
BMC Geriatr. 2013 Dec 10; 13:134
PMID: 24325194

The prevalence of traumatic brain injuries after minor blunt head trauma in children with ventricular shunts.
Nigrovic LE, Lillis K, Atabaki SM, Dayan PS, Hoyle J, Tunik MG, Jacobs ES, Monroe D, Wootton-Gorges SW, Miskin M, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Working Group of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)
Ann Emerg Med. 2013 Apr; 61:4:389-93
PMID: 23122954