Research and Scholarly Activity

The Department of Family and Community Medicine has an active research program that seeks to provide ample opportunities for our students, resident physicians and faculty to participate together in research and scholarly activities. We offer experiences that invite discovery and promote creativity. We are committed to pursuing inquiry, disseminating knowledge, and fostering critical thinking that fosters lifelong learning.  We require residents to participate in an annual quality improvement project as well as submit one research project during training.

Our curriculum includes the principles of research design, methodology, biostatistics and analysis, and the ethical principles of clinical and translational research. Our faculty provide research mentorship and collaborate with faculty in other departments and programs. We are supported by a state of the art medical library, expert research librarians and a research department that includes biostatisticians who work with residents to excellent analysis of data.

Research and Scholarly Activity, 2011-16

Family and Community Medicine Research Chart

Recent Publications

Epilepsy: Transition from pediatric to adult care. Recommendations of the Ontario epilepsy implementation task force.
Andrade DM, Bassett AS, Bercovici E, Borlot F, Bui E, Camfield P, Clozza GQ, Cohen E, Gofine T, Graves L, Greenaway J, Guttman B, Guttman-Slater M, Hassan A, Henze M, Kaufman M, Lawless B, Lee H, Lindzon L, Lomax LB, McAndrews MP, Menna-Dack D, Minassian BA, Mulligan J, Nabbout R, Nejm T, Secco M, Sellers L, Shapiro M, Slegr M, Smith R, Szatmari P, Tao L, Vogt A, Whiting S, Carter Snead O 3rd
Epilepsia. 2017 Jul 6
PMID: 28681381

Preconception health interventions delivered in public health and community settings: A systematic review.
Brown HK, Mueller M, Edwards S, Mill C, Enders J, Graves L, Telner D, Dennis CL
Can J Public Health. 2017 Nov 9; 108:4:e388-e397
PMID: 29120310

No 245-Directive clinique de consensus sur la consommation d’alcool et la grossesse.
Carson G, Cox LV, Crane J, Croteau P, Graves L, Kluka S, Koren G, Martel MJ, Midmer D, Nulman I, Poole N, Senikas V, Wood R
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2017 Sep; 39:9:e255-e292
PMID: 28859771

No. 245-Alcohol Use and Pregnancy Consensus Clinical Guidelines.
Carson G, Cox LV, Crane J, Croteau P, Graves L, Kluka S, Koren G, Martel MJ, Midmer D, Nulman I, Poole N, Senikas V, Wood R
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2017 Sep; 39:9:e220-e254
PMID: 28859770

Screening and Management of Substance Use in Pregnancy: A Review.
Cook JL, Green CR, de la Ronde S, Dell CA, Graves L, Morgan L, Ordean A, Ruiter J, Steeves M, Wong S
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2017 Oct; 39:10:897-905
PMID: 28935055

Epidemiology and Effects of Substance Use in Pregnancy.
Cook JL, Green CR, de la Ronde S, Dell CA, Graves L, Ordean A, Ruiter J, Steeves M, Wong S
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2017 Oct; 39:10:906-915
PMID: 28935056

Resetting the compass: exploring the implicit messages of orientation to a community-engaged medical school.
Ellaway R, Dubé T, Cooper G, Graves L
Can Med Educ J. 2017 Feb 24; 8:1:e88-e100
PMID: 28344720

Translating medical school social missions to student experiences.
Ellaway RH, Van Roy K, Preston R, Greenhill J, Clithero A, Elsanousi S, Richards J, Labarda C, Graves L, Mammen M, Assayed AA, Willems S
Med Educ. 2017 Sep 26
PMID: 28949033

Evaluation of perceived and actual competency in a family medicine objective structured clinical examination.
Graves L, Lalla L, Young M
Can Fam Physician. 2017 Apr; 63:4:e238-e243
PMID: 28404722

Epidemiology and effects of substance use in pregnancy
Green CR, de la Ronde S, Dell CA, Graves L, Ordean A, Ruiter J, Steeves M, Wong S
Array. ; 39:906-915
PMID: 900000002

Prevalence and Consequences of Perinatal Substance Use-Growing Worldwide Concerns.
Ordean A, Graves L, Chisamore B, Greaves L, Dunlop A
Subst Abuse. 2017; 11:1178221817704692
PMID: 28634426

No 349 - Consommation de substances psychoactives pendant la grossesse.
Ordean A, Wong S, Graves L
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2017 Oct; 39:10:938-956.e3
PMID: 28935058

No. 349-Substance Use in Pregnancy.
Ordean A, Wong S, Graves L
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2017 Oct; 39:10:922-937.e2
PMID: 28935057

Dimensions of integration, continuity and longitudinality in clinical clerkships.
Ellaway RH, Graves L, Cummings BA
Med Educ. 2016 Sep; 50:9:912-21
PMID: 27562891

Breastfeeding and Opiate Substitution Therapy: Starting to Understand Infant Feeding Choices.
Graves LE, Turner S, Nader M, Sinha S
Subst Abuse. 2016 Jul 12; 10:Suppl 1:43-7
PMID: 27429549

Milestones on the social accountability journey: Family medicine practice locations of Northern Ontario School of Medicine graduates.
Hogenbirk JC, Timony PE, French MG, Strasser R, Pong RW, Cervin C, Graves L
Can Fam Physician. 2016 Mar; 62:3:e138-45
PMID: 27427565

Canadian Cardiovascular Society/Canadian Pediatric Cardiology Association Position Statement on Pulse Oximetry Screening in Newborns to Enhance Detection of Critical Congenital Heart Disease.
Wong KK, Fournier A, Fruitman DS, Graves L, Human DG, Narvey M, Russell JL
Can J Cardiol. 2016 Oct 26
PMID: 28043739

A typology of longitudinal integrated clerkships.
Worley P, Couper I, Strasser R, Graves L, Cummings BA, Woodman R, Stagg P, Hirsh D, Consortium of Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships (CLIC) Research Collaborative.
Med Educ. 2016 Sep; 50:9:922-32
PMID: 27562892

Resident-as-teacher in family medicine: a CERA survey.
Al Achkar M, Davies MK, Busha ME, Oh RC
Fam Med. 2015 Jun; 47:6:452-8
PMID: 26039762

The management of opioid dependence during pregnancy in rural and remote settings.
Jumah NA, Graves L, Kahan M
CMAJ. 2015 Jan 6; 187:1:E41-6
PMID: 25288311

Effectiveness of knowledge translation tools addressing multiple high-burden chronic diseases affecting older adults: protocol for a systematic review alongside a realist review.
Kastner M, Perrier L, Hamid J, Tricco AC, Cardoso R, Ivers NM, Liu B, Marr S, Holroyd-Leduc J, Wong G, Graves L, Straus SE
BMJ Open. 2015 Feb 3; 5:2:e007640
PMID: 25649215

Impact of selection strategies on representation of underserved populations and intention to practise: international findings.
Larkins S, Michielsen K, Iputo J, Elsanousi S, Mammen M, Graves L, Willems S, Cristobal FL, Samson R, Ellaway R, Ross S, Johnston K, Derese A, Neusy AJ
Med Educ. 2015 Jan; 49:1:60-72
PMID: 25545574

Induction of labour: review.
Leduc D, Biringer A, Lee L, Dy J, Clinical Practice Obstetrics Committee., Azzam H, Barrett J, Biringer A, Campbell K, Duperron L, Dy J, Giesbrecht E, Graves L, Helewa M, Lange I, Lee L, Muise S, Parish B
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2015 Apr; 37:4:380-3
PMID: 26001692

Obstetrical and neonatal outcomes of methadone-maintained pregnant women: a canadian multisite cohort study.
Ordean A, Kahan M, Graves L, Abrahams R, Kim T
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2015 Mar; 37:3:252-7
PMID: 26001872

Exploring the consequences of combining medical students with and without a background in biomedical sciences.
Ellaway RH, Bates A, Girard S, Buitenhuis D, Lee K, Warton A, Russell S, Caines J, Traficante E, Graves L
Med Educ. 2014 Jul; 48:7:674-86
PMID: 24909529

Discourses of student orientation to medical education programs.
Ellaway RH, Cooper G, Al-Idrissi T, Dubé T, Graves L
Med Educ Online. 2014 Jan; 19:1:23714
PMID: 28440171

Discourses of student orientation to medical education programs.
Ellaway RH, Cooper G, Al-Idrissi T, Dubé T, Graves L
Med Educ Online. 2014 Mar 14; 19:23714
PMID: 24646440

Authors' response to "Letter to the editor: Left to their own devices: medical learners' use of mobile technologies".
Ellaway RH, Fink P, Graves L, Campbell A
Med Teach. 2014 Aug; 36:8:738
PMID: 24964166

Left to their own devices: medical learners' use of mobile technologies.
Ellaway RH, Fink P, Graves L, Campbell A
Med Teach. 2014 Feb; 36:2:130-8
PMID: 24195445

Osteoporosis in menopause.
Khan A, Fortier M, Menopause and Osteoporosis Working Group., Fortier M, Reid R, Abramson BL, Blake J, Desindes S, Dodin S, Graves L, Guthrie B, Johnston S, Khan A, Rowe T, Sodhi N, Wilks P, Wolfman W, Menopause and Osteoporosis Working Group., Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada.
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2014 Sep; 36:9:839-43
PMID: 25222365

Managing menopause.
Reid R, Abramson BL, Blake J, Desindes S, Dodin S, Johnston S, Rowe T, Sodhi N, Wilks P, Wolfman W, Menopause and Osteoporosis Working Group., Fortier M, Reid R, Abramson BL, Blake J, Desindes S, Dodin S, Graves L, Guthrie B, Khan A, Johnston S, Rowe T, Sodhi N, Wilks P, Wolfman W, Menopause and Osteoporosis Working Group., Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada.
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2014 Sep; 36:9:830-8
PMID: 25222364

Effectiveness of a 3-hour breastfeeding course for family physicians.
Srinivasan A, Graves L, D'Souza V
Can Fam Physician. 2014 Dec; 60:12:e601-6
PMID: 25642487

Twelve tips for designing and running longitudinal integrated clerkships.
Ellaway R, Graves L, Berry S, Myhre D, Cummings BA, Konkin J
Med Teach. 2013 Dec; 35:12:989-95
PMID: 23883396

Medical education in an electronic health record-mediated world.
Ellaway RH, Graves L, Greene PS
Med Teach. 2013 Apr; 35:4:282-6
PMID: 23464893

Perspectives of family physicians on the care of uninsured pregnant women.
Munro K, Jarvis C, Kong LY, D'Souza V, Graves L
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2013 Jul; 35:7:599-605
PMID: 23876636

Undocumented pregnant women: what does the literature tell us?
Munro K, Jarvis C, Munoz M, D'Souza V, Graves L
J Immigr Minor Health. 2013 Apr; 15:2:281-91
PMID: 22382439

Integrated care for pregnant women on methadone maintenance treatment: Canadian primary care cohort study.
Ordean A, Kahan M, Graves L, Abrahams R, Boyajian T
Can Fam Physician. 2013 Oct; 59:10:e462-9
PMID: 24130301

Transforming health professional education through social accountability: Canada's Northern Ontario School of Medicine.
Strasser R, Hogenbirk JC, Minore B, Marsh DC, Berry S, McCready WG, Graves L
Med Teach. 2013 Jun; 35:6:490-6
PMID: 23496120